The purpose of the register
The Brownfield Land Register Regulations came into force on April 2017 requiring local planning authorities to prepare and maintain a register listing previously developed land that may be suitable for future residential development. The brownfield register is there to encourage developers to invest in brownfield land through a quicker process. The register is split into two parts:
- Part 1 will be a comprehensive list of sites which are considered to meet the legislative criteria of being ‘suitable, available and achievable’ for residential development, regardless of their planning status.
- Part 2 consists of all the sites from part 1 which have been granted ‘permission in principle’ (PIP).
‘Permission in principle’
This is a new approach to getting planning permission which will approve the fundamental principles – use, location, and scale of a development. When a site has been granted ‘permission in principle’, there is still a requirement to obtain a ‘technical details’ consent before proceeding with building work.
‘If the site is entered in part 2 of the Brownfield Register it will be granted permission in principle, which establishes the suitability in principle of land for housing-led development.’
How brownfield sites are identified
The ‘Brownfield Land Register Regulation 2017’ set out some criteria to identify sites to include on the register. The criteria are:
- The site meets the definition of previously developed land as defined in the National Planning Policy Framework
- The site has an area of at least 0.25 hectares or is capable of supporting at least 5 dwellings
- The site is suitable for residential development
- The site is available for residential development
- The site should be achievable in fifteen years
The full criteria can be found in the Brownfield Land Regulations 2017
The Brownfield Register will be reviewed at least once a year to include any new sites or amend previously identified sites.