Warwick District Council operates a 'kerbside sort’ scheme. This means that all of your recycling is sorted by the collection crew into different compartments on the vehicle when collected. This method of collection ensures a good quality of recyclable materials which are highly sought after by recycling companies.
Once collected and sorted, recycled materials become valuable commodities in the worldwide market.
How is it all recycled?
Paper and cardboard
Paper and cardboard are sent to different places which is why we ask for them to be separated in your boxes and bags. Paper is sent to a recycling facility in Kings Lynn where it is recycled back into high quality newsprint. Cardboard is shipped to India and Seoul where there is a large paper and cardboard manufacturing base and good quality cardboard is highly sought after. The cardboard is recycled into brown paper to become new cardboard packaging. Both recycling processes are similar. First they are pulped and screened to remove debris such as staples and sticky tape. The pulp is then cleaned and passed through rollers firstly to squeeze out any water and then to dry and flatten the new paper. How paper is recycled - video.
Glass bottles and jars are recycled in Yorkshire. The different colours of glass are separated using lasers. It is then crushed to become glass cullet. Any contaminants such as paper and metal are removed. The cullet is mixed with raw materials and then melted in a furnace. The molten liquid is moulded or blown into new glass bottles and jars. How glass bottles are recycled - video.
Cans, aerosols and foil
Steel and Aluminium are separated using magnets. Aluminium is sent to Warrington where it is shredded, melted down and made into new cans, foil and food containers. Steel cans are consumed by UK steel mills and melted for re-use - they can be made into bikes, cars, bridges, paper-clips or even new cans. How cans are recycled - video.
Plastic pots, tubs, trays and bottles
Plastic pots, tubs, trays and bottles are initially sent to a sorting facility in Manchester where near infrared sensors are used to separate the different plastic types. They are distinguished based on the way they reflect light. The majority of the plastic is then recycled at various facilities in the UK with a very small proportion sent to Romania and Holland for recycling. The plastic is ground into chips or flakes and any contaminants such as labels and food are removed. It is then melted down and formed into plastic pellets to be recycled into products such as bin liners, plastic bottles, fencing, garden furniture, window frames and more. How plastics are recycled - video.
Textiles are manually sorted and graded according to their condition and type at a facility in the West Midlands. Reusable textiles are sent to Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. Textiles that are too damaged for reuse are shredded and used as industrial rags.
Did you know? Over 70% of the world's population rely on second hand clothes.
Batteries are sent to a facility in the West Midlands where they are broken down into their component parts such as plastics and metals. These materials are then carefully separated and recycled into new products.
Water, chemicals and other impurities are extracted from the oil to re-refine it for re-use as new engine oil or as a fuel for industry.
Garden and food waste
Garden and food waste put into your green bin is sent to an 'In-vessel' composting facility in Warwickshire. It is shredded and then composted in a tunnel for 2-4 weeks. Temperatures of up to 70 degrees C speed up the process and kill any harmful microbes. It is then left for a further 1-3 months with regular turning and checks to ensure quality, before going on to be used as soil conditioner. How food waste is recycled - video.